Hutu extremist monthly, Kangura, publishes the “Hutu Ten commandments”, which includes “Hutu must stop taking pity on the Tutsi”.
Night of 4 to 5 October 1990
The Rwandan armed forces (FAR) stage a fake RPF attack on Kigali. On national radio, President Habyarimana decrees a state of siege and calls for vigilance and denunciation of spies. Some 10,000 Tutsi and political opponents are arrested. Tutsi massacre takes place in Kibilira, over 500 killed.
1 October 1990
RPF begins war for liberation.
24-26 December 1987
The Rwandan Patriotic Front is formed in Kampala.
Tutsi hunted down at secondary schools, universities, and workplaces. Military coup d’état by General Juvenal Habyarimana.
Massacre of Tutsi, described as Genocide by international press, foreign witnesses and independent researchers. 200,000 Tutsi flee their country.
1 July 1962
Independence of Rwanda.
28 January 1961
Grégoire Kayibanda takes power. The “Ethnic democracy” concept becomes a foundation of the Parmehutu Party.
25 July 1959
Suspicious death of King Mutara Rudahigwa in Bujumbura. “Hutu social revolution” under Belgian Catholic Church control. Persecution of Tutsi, thousands die.
Introduction of the identity card stating Hutu, Tutsi and Twa ethnicity.