Timeline

Timeline

1990

December 1990

Hutu extremist monthly, Kangura, publishes the “Hutu Ten commandments”, which includes “Hutu must stop taking pity on the Tutsi”.  

1990

Night of 4 to 5 October 1990

The Rwandan armed forces (FAR) stage a fake RPF attack on Kigali.  On national radio, President Habyarimana decrees a state of siege and calls for vigilance and denunciation of spies. Some 10,000 Tutsi and political opponents are arrested. Tutsi massacre takes place in Kibilira, over 500 killed.

1990

1 October 1990

RPF begins war for liberation.

1987

24-26 December 1987

The Rwandan Patriotic Front is formed in Kampala.  

1973

July 1973

Tutsi hunted down at secondary schools, universities, and workplaces.  Military coup d’état by General Juvenal Habyarimana.

1963

December 1963

Massacre of Tutsi, described as Genocide by international press, foreign witnesses and independent researchers. 200,000 Tutsi flee their country.  

1962

1 July 1962

Independence of Rwanda.

1961

28 January 1961

Grégoire Kayibanda takes power.  The “Ethnic democracy” concept becomes a foundation of the Parmehutu Party.

1959

25 July 1959

Suspicious death of King Mutara Rudahigwa in Bujumbura.  “Hutu social revolution” under Belgian Catholic Church control.  Persecution of Tutsi, thousands die.

1931

1931

Introduction of the identity card stating Hutu, Tutsi and Twa ethnicity.