Timeline

Timeline

1994

6 April 1994

On return from Dar-es Salaam peace talks, President Habyarimana’s plane is shot down by missiles fired from the Kanombe military camp, a FAR stronghold.

1994

3 April 1994

RTLM broadcasts an odd piece of news: “On 3, 4 and 5, April, temperatures will rise. On the 6th, there will be a respite, but a little something might happen. Then on the 7th and the 8th and the other days of April, you will see something”. This is the thinly veiled announcement of the genocide.

1994

28 March 1994

Ferdinand Nahimana distributes a document originally broadcast on RTLM, calling on the population to exercise “self-defense” for a “final solution” to what he called  the “Tutsi league”.  

1994

11 January 1994

Gen Dallaire sends a telegramme to the UN Headquarters providing detailed information of a brewing genocide. The UN rejectes Dallaire’s request to seize stockpiled weapons.

1993

5 October 1993

UN Resolution 872 establishes the United Nations Assistance Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR), comprising 2,500 peacekeepers.  It is set up three months later, led by Gen Roméo Dallaire.

1993

4 August 1993

Radio-Television Libre de Mille collines (RTLM), created in July, begins propaganda programmes against the Tutsi.  

1993

4 August 1993

Official signing of the Arusha Peace Accord.  

1993

20 – 22 February 1993

Fresh massacres of Tutsi by CDR and MRND militias in Gisenyi, Ruhengeri, Kibuye and Byumba prefectures.  

1993

8 – 20 February 1993

The RPF relaunches a military offensive.  The FAR retreat. The RPF stops at Shyorongi at the entrance of Kigali.

1993

21 January 1993

Violent demonstrations by MRND and CDR, massacres against Tutsi start again.  Arusha negotiations are suspended.